One of the first things to keep in mind when you are seeking information on schizophrenia for yourself or for loved ones is that schizophrenia is considered a psychosis; and unlike neuroses, wherein a sufferer can have many or most or all of the “symptoms”, with a psychosis, the patient has ALL of the symptoms. So when you do find some interesting, fascinating, helpful information on schizophrenia, do not try to self-diagnose. Read more, ask more specialists, and see the appropriate mental health and/or medical professionals. The best way to find psychiatrist in New York is using the internet. Just type “psychiatrist New York” and you will get several psychiatrist websites to choose from.
That said, so those of us borderline hypochondriacs who find a new malady once a week will be spared the panic of said information on schizophrenia, here are the clinical details of the disorder once termed Dementia Praecox (and coined schizophrenie, from the Greek, “split mind,” by Bleuler in the early 1900s):
While for decades, schizophrenia was categorized—into Hebephrenia, Catatonia, and other separate schizophrenias, today many specialists understand schizophrenia in general to include symptoms such as hallucinating, experiencing delusions, having “derailed” or incoherent speech; and displaying what one expert identifies as “grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior.”
But further, mental health professionals categorize their information on schizophrenia in the following way, according to their assertion that there are five “recognized subtypes” of schizophrenia which are 1) paranoid schizophrenia, 2) disorganized schizophrenia, 3) catatonic schizophrenia, 4) undifferentiated schizophrenia, and what they call 5) residual schizophrenia.
An individual with paranoid schizophrenia characteristically shows evidence of “prominent” delusions, those which are typically auditory and which usually come and go during an episode. The individual may experience delusions of grandeur (how great am I) or persecution (X is/are after me) or what doctors call command hallucinations, wherein someone or thing is commanding him or her to carry out untraditional, unusual, illogical, or illegal acts. Other symptoms for the paranoid schizophrenic include anxiety, fright, anger, apathy, and/or recalcitrance or an argumentative attitude.
An individual diagnosed with hebephrenic schizophrenia—now called disorganized type—will typically have flat (no) or inappropriate affect (laughing when there is no relevant humor, for instance), and will be disorganized in speech.
While maintaining a healthy immune system is the best way to prevent being plagued by the coronavirus, there are quite a few other things that you an do to reduce your risk as well.
Vaccine – Most individuals who ask their doctor how to prevent the virus are told to get a vaccine. This is especially true for children, individuals who care for children under six months old, pregnant women, the elderly and those with asthma or diabetes. While the virus shot may not seem like the most natural choice, it is regarded as the most effective.
Wash Your Hands – This could be the single most important thing that you do all pandemic. Most viruses are spread incredibly easy by direct contact. If someone who is infected sneezes in their hand and then proceeds to touch a computer keyboard, telephone, etc., the virus can stay alive for hours or even weeks. Then, the next unfortunate person who touches the object can pick the virus up. If there isn’t a sink available for you to wash your hands, you can use a hand sanitizer that is alcohol-based.
Watch for Coughs and Sneezes – You simply have to cough or sneeze sometimes however, you should always do so into the inner portion of your elbow, never your hand. Since viruses can cling onto your bare hands, you run the risk of spreading them to others. Wear a face mask, such as N95 mask, to protect yourself from others and to protect others from you when coughing or sneezing.
Don’t Touch Your Face – You really need to make a point to not touch your face unless your hands are freshly washed. Viruses are happy to enter your body through your eyes, mouth and nose. Face touching is the primary reason behind the spreading of viruses and germs in children.
Stay Hydrated – As you drink water, it not only hydrates you but it also washes the toxins away as well. A healthy adult should be drinking eight 8-ounce size glasses of water every day. You can tell if you are getting enough water if your urine is close to clear. If it is dark, you need more liquids.
Exercise – Another natural method on how to prevent the virus is exercise. Your body needs a daily dose of some type of aerobic exercise to speed your heart up to pump larger blood quantities. This allows you to breathe faster and transfer oxygen to your blood from your lungs which causes you to sweat. Aerobic exercise helps to increase your body’s cells that work to kill viruses.
Don’t Smoke – Individuals who smoke are far more likely to get the cold or flu or covid than those who don’t. Even just being around smoke can compromise your immune system. It paralyzes cilia and dries out nasal passages so viruses aren’t able to be swept away.
Skip the Alcohol – While one daily glass of wine can be good for you, your immune system is suppressed by heavy alcohol consumption. Individuals who consume large amounts of alcohol are much more prone to not only initial infections but secondary complications as well. Not to mention, alcohol dehydrates your body so you are actually losing more fluid than what you put in.
Rest – Anyone wanting to know how to prevent the virus needs to learn to relax and rest. Even squeezing 10 minutes of meditation into your day can feel like an hour nap. Evidence suggests that when you fully relax your body, your interleukins in your immune system respond quicker against viruses. It is important to understand that true relaxation takes effort. If you simply do nothing yet you don’t clear your mind, there are no changes in the chemicals within your blood.
The first step in any alcohol addiction treatment plan is to decide that you want to quit drinking. There is no way that you will be successful unless you are completely committed to quitting, nobody can force you to quit, it won’t work. There are plenty of good reasons to quit drinking, like improved relationships with your loved ones, being healthier and getting rid of the depression. Finding a reason to quit drinking makes it easier to commit to the program.
Once you have admitted that you have a drinking problem you will need to set goals for treatment plan. You may decide that it is necessary to quit drinking altogether, or it may be sufficient to reduce your drinking. You will also want to establish a time frame for beating your alcohol addiction, it isn’t going to happen overnight but it is a good idea to set a goal of being over your addiction by a certain date. It is also helpful to set smaller goals that you will accomplish along the way, things like getting through a day or a week without a drink.
The next step is to decide how you are going to treat your alcohol addiction. Most people in Connecticut start out by trying to beat it themselves, but this rarely works, most people need help. There are various levels of help available, from peer to peer groups like Alcoholics Anonymous, to outpatient rehab to inpatient rehab in Connecticut detox centers. The type of help that you need will be largely determined by how serious your drinking problem is. Most people progress up the ladder until they find a treatment program that works.
Whichever kind of treatment that you choose you will find that counselling plays a big part in the process. This will either be through group counselling or individual sessions or in a lot of cases both. These sessions will help you to understand why you drink and help you to stop. Most treatment plans also involve a medical component, alcoholism is a medical problem and it often requires a medical treatment. This is especially true if you have a serious drinking problem, in this case detox is going to be the first step. Detox can be dangerous for people who have had a drinking problem for a long time and it needs to be supervised by a doctor.
There are many ways to treat an addiction to alcohol, the key is to find the right one for you. Different treatment programs use different philosophies for dealing with the problem. Finding a treatment plan that works for you can be a challenge, some people will respond to one treatment and not to another. Whichever treatment philosophy you choose the important thing is that get started and deal with your drinking problem.
Although STDs affect everyone who is sexually active, certain groups are at higher risk than the rest of the population. These high risk groups include:
- Individuals aged 15-24, who make up about 50% of new infections each year
- Women, who contract STDs more frequently than men and are more negatively affected by the infections
- Racial and ethnic minorities, particularly blacks and Hispanics/latinos
- Individuals who frequently change sexual partners
- Individuals who already have an STD/STI are at greater risk to contract another
Can STDs cause complications during pregnancy?
Yes, STDs can cause a number of problems for pregnant women and their unborn children. Infected women may experience miscarriages and premature birth. The pregnant mother’s STD(s) can also be passed to the unborn child before or during childbirth. If this happens, the baby may suffer from complications such as:
- Brain damage
- Liver disease
Pregnant women should be tested for common STDs with STD tests so that their healthcare providers may take proper precautions. Routine prenatal includes STD screening early on in the pregnancy and later on if needed.